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According to Hinduism, marriage is defined as two souls which comes together and unite with each other in spirit and that make a perfect marriage. The more strongly they become united, they concentrate less on sex.
The more they are in love with each, they become united with God.
As stated in the holy book of Hindus, Srimad Bhagavat Gita, by Lord Krishna,
Chapter 2, verse 22
vasamsi jirnani yatha vihaya navani grhnati naro’parani
tatha sarirani vihaya jirnany anyani samyati navani dehi
“As a person gives up old and worn out garments and accepts new apparel, similarly the embodied soul giving up old and worn out bodies verily accepts new bodies.”
So the soul neither be created nor be destroyed. It’s just the two souls united at the marriage and work toward to accomplish the purpose needed by each other.
Contradict to the Hinduism; Buddhist doctrine rejects the idea of an immortal soul. Also, it clearly states that there is no concept of soul.
I just noted this point here as it is one of the biggest religion followed by many, and I don’t want go in depth analysis on this as it’s not relevant to this analysis.
In the New Testament, the Greek word for “soul” is transliterated as psuche or psyche.
Psuche denotes one’s inner life or actual personhood. God, who has created the “soul,” can also destroy it.
Jesus said: “Be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell” (Matthew 10:28).
Here, Jesus differentiated between the “soul” and the body. “Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul,” he said (verse 28). His words indicate that while the body is corrupted at death, the “soul” continues on, though both “soul” and body can end in soul-destroying hell.
So the soul is considered to be there on the earth as well as on the Hell or Heaven. But that considered to a mortal one.
Jainism believes in the existence of the soul from human to plants and even the micro organisms like bacteria and viruses.
The basic concept of this religion is based on the existence of the soul. And they classify the soul into two categories.
- Liberated Souls: The souls that attained the Moksha, and which will not be part of lifecycle again.
Moksha (Sanskrit language): emancipation, liberation or release from the birth and death life cycle.
- Non-Liberated Souls – The soul which are struck in the lifecycle based on the karma of the individual soul. There is no start and end of the soul.
According to Jainism , the soul is eternal and just changes the bodies till it attains the moksha. The concept of the soul is similar to the Hinduism.
In modern Judaism, the soul is considered to be a thing given to the person upon his first breath.
And it relates the closeness of a person to God, which is based on the quality of the soul with one’s performance of the commandments.
Sikhism considers the soul as an integral part of the God and the God within the soul. Once the soul departs from the body, it becomes lifeless and the soul is believed to be the driver of this body.
Out of many oldest religions in the world, four religions came from India namely, Hinduism and the subset of this religion, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism.
Among the four Indian religions only one religion,the Buddhism, contradicts to the soul concept and this is the only religion in the world that doesn’t believe in the existence of the soul. All the other religions except this religion, believe in the existence of the soul and they have their own descriptions and the closeness of the soul to the God.